Governor should replace job creation with wealth creation
Governor Kulongoski recently unveiled a new plan for creating jobs in Oregon. Not just any old jobs, but 'green' jobs. While many people will focus on the 'green' part of the governor's plan, it may be more instructive to challenge the very concept that our goal should be to create jobs at all.
A revealing story makes clear why simply creating jobs may not be good public policy:
As several economists tell it, a Western businessman once visited a dam building project in China. He watched as hundreds of laborers were using shovels to build an earthen dam.
'Why,' the American asked his Chinese host, 'didn't they use earth-moving machinery rather than shovels, so a single worker could build the dam in an afternoon?'
'That would put people out of work,' the host explained. And that was contrary to his government's job creation policy.
'Well, then,' replied the businessman, 'if your goal is simply to put more people to work, take away their shovels and give them spoons.'
Taking away shovels and giving workers spoons is a sure way to create more jobs, and a sure way to destroy wealth and make everybody poorer. It simply does not make sense to create jobs that waste human resources. As economist Julian Simon pointed out, the human mind's creativity is the ultimate resource, more valuable than so many barrels of oil or so many kilowatts of electricity.
In Oregon, we do not even have to weigh the pros and cons of future 'green jobs' to see how this works - we can simply see how things already work.
Take Oregon's ban on self-serve gasoline. Defenders of the ban argue that it preserves jobs, and that may be true. But, all else being equal, it also raises the price of gas to consumers. Forty-eight other states have found a way to let people pump their own gas without bemoaning the loss of jobs.
As one traveler from another state wrote, 'Last summer, as we were driving through Oregon, I cringed each time I saw able-bodied, competent young people (doing jobs at gas stations) that were totally unnecessary - jobs that existed solely due to legislative fiat. A society that compels its citizens to reject technological advances in the interest of 'saving' jobs, is a society that dooms itself to poverty.'
This visitor went on to suggest that Oregon could create even more jobs by passing a few simple laws:
Make it a crime to direct-dial a long distance call, thus bringing back long-gone operator jobs. Ban word processors, thus paving the way for many more secretarial jobs.
Green may be productive, or it may not. Just think how many more jobs we could create if, in addition to subsidizing wind turbine production, we hired countless unskilled laborers to turn the turbines when the wind isn't blowing. So, rather than focus on job creation, Oregonians should turn our attention to wealth creation. Workers and consumers alike will be better off if we do.
Steve Buckstein is the founder and senior policy analyst at Cascade Policy Institute, Oregon's free-market think tank.