Students need art as well as science and math
Parents across Oregon are adjusting as summer ends and their children return to school. Oregons teachers and school administrators spent much of the summer preparing and are ready for the school year ahead; students are getting back to learning, structure and friends.
As a member of Congress concerned about how policy drives decisions in education, Ive decided to go back to school too. Last week, I launched a Congresswoman in the Classroom initiative to get a better understanding of the successes and needs of Oregons public schools. These visits with teachers, administrators, students and parents across Oregons 1st Congressional District will help me understand how policy set in Washington affects what goes on in our classrooms.
The good news is, there are many positive things happening in our public schools. Even so, weve all heard troubling reports of budget cuts, increasing classroom sizes, teaching to the test and reduced access to subjects like art, civics, career and technical education and second languages.
At the federal level, funding for public schools through No Child Left Behind has been reduced by about 20 percent since 2001. The budget cuts known as sequestration brought additional reductions to programs such as Head Start, Title I funding for low-income schools and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). The stage is set for another tough budget battle this fall, and unless we stand together, additional cuts could take effect next year.
Schools are facing an increasing number of mandates that must be met in order to obtain federal funding. Heres just one example: to qualify for Title I funding, which goes to schools that serve low-income students, states have to give annual standards-based assessments in reading and math to students in the 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th grades and then again between grades 10 and 12. On top of that, students must also be tested in science.
Many parents and teachers are passionate about their opposition to high-stakes testing, and thats understandable. Although constructive assessment that helps to improve instruction is a good thing, the increasing use of testing with high-stakes consequences is not. Im working to reform the No Child Left Behind law so teachers can spend more time focused on the needs of their students and less time accommodating burdensome rules set in Washington, D.C.
Im also working to restore the principles of a well-rounded education. Many have rightly emphasized the need to promote science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) to maintain Americas competitive edge. But in so doing, we must not lose sight of the emphasis on creativity and innovative thinking that has been crucial to Americas economic and entrepreneurial success.
In the 21st century, the ability to innovate and create will be even more central to our ability to compete. Thats why earlier this year I founded the STEAM Caucus, which promotes the integration of the arts and design with traditional STEM subjects. Its easy to see how the arts and design can improve STEM learning and our future work force, and the science is there to back it up.
According to Bobby Heagerty at the OHSU Brain Institute, the arts are an essential part of developing a childs frontal cortex the part of the brain that governs attention, learning, memory, judgment, impulse control, self-reflection and planning.
Despite challenges, our schools continue to do an outstanding job, and many of Oregons students are excelling on the national stage. Teachers, administrators, and other school employees put in tremendous hours and achieve amazing results despite continually being asked to do more with less.
As I visit public schools throughout the 1st Congressional District this year, I plan to take their stories back to our nations capital. I also hope to hear from parents and other community members who are interested in improving public education.
Every member of our community has a stake in the next generation. By working together and thinking creatively, we can ensure the success of current and future students.
U.S. Rep. Suzanne Bonamici (D), represents Oregons 1st Congressional District, which includes the cities of Hillsboro, Forest Grove and Cornelius.
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