County gearing up for major transportation planning process
Transportation Planning in Washington County is shaping up to be a significant policy issue in 2014. This month, Washington County has rolled out the first draft of its 2035 Transportation System Plan (TSP), which will be available for public review at a series of open house workshops over the next few weeks. The TSP is a planning document with a 20-year horizon that maps out in detail the countys transportation priorities.
But following quickly on the heels of the TSP process, the county will begin work on a far broader effort: the Washington County Transportation Study. Its aim is to look beyond the 20-year horizon of the TSP and evaluate transportation strategies and investments over the next 20 to 50 years. This big picture study is being financed with a grant of $1.5 million from the state of Oregon and is expected to be completed by the end of 2015.
Whether we are planning for 20 years or 50 years, designing transportation systems for the future is no easy task. Thousands of traffic projections must be calculated and numerous and sometimes conflicting assumptions must be made in terms of population, jobs, housing, etc. And when you consider the billions of dollars Washington County will be spending on transportation over the next two decades, it is critical that the planning assumptions behind these transportation studies are well understood by the public and policymakers.
The challenge we face, however, is that most of todays transportation planning relies on a rather linear world view one in which the future is typically conceived as simply a larger, more congested version of the present. This approach works well over the short term, but when the scope of planning involves plotting out transportation scenarios 30 or even 50 years in the future, traditional planning can fall short. Ultra long-term planning, such as that envisioned in the Washington County Transportation Study, demands a more dynamic and non-linear approach one that emphasizes the importance of human creativity and evolution.
What does this mean from a planning perspective? It means our planning efforts need to acknowledge that the transportation systems of 2045, 2055 and 2065 will be unlike our past or present, and the advent of technologies (such as driverless cars) will make many current planning assumptions obsolete.
However, looking beyond technology, it is also imperative that the design of our future transportation systems reflect the lifestyle values of the people who will ultimately be heirs of that future, i.e., the Millennial Generation people born after 1980. What this means for transportation planning is that our future systems need to be planned in a fashion that reflects millennials preferences for livability and transit-oriented communities, and recognize that this emerging generation is focused much less on driving than their parents. In fact, a new report out of the University of Michigans Transportation Research Institute concluded that compared to just five years ago, we drive fewer light-duty vehicles, we drive each of them less and we consume less fuel.
This finding is significant because if vehicle use is, in fact, decreasing, then this shift needs to be reflected in our planning as well as the designs of future transportation systems.
Typically, when we hire someone to work on our home, we dont simply leave it up to the contractor to determine what the result should be. Rather, we provide them input regarding our expectations and preferences. The same applies to planning our transportation future.
Currently, there are more than $3.3 billion worth of transportation projects on the drawing board in Washington County. This is equivalent to nearly $15,000 per household in Washington County.
Therefore, it is important that citizens of the county take time to consider the various transportation futures being presented and provide policymakers with input about what that future should look like.
These decisions are simply too important to leave to others.
Jeff Petrillo is a Washington County planning commissioner.
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