New data show homelessness on the rise in schools
LOSD, though it has the lowest number of homeless students, still saw increase
Nearly 8,000 public school children in the tri-county area meet the federal definition of homeless a 9.3 percent increase from two years ago.
Thats according to 2015-16 data released Nov. 22 by the Oregon Department of Education.
Portland Public Schools, the states largest district, had the highest number of homeless students in the area but one of the lowest percentages in Multnomah County. PPS has 1,434 homeless students, 3 percent of its student population. In the 2013-14 school year, the districts rate was 2.6 percent.
The rate has been rising in PPS, as in the state as a whole. The Department of Education says after three years of growth, the current statewide homeless student rate now exceeds the level during the Great Recession.
There was even an increase in Lake Oswego School District, which had a relatively low homeless rate in 2014-15 of 16 students, or 0.23 percent of enrollment. That number rose to a still fairly low rate of 27 students or 0.38 percent of enrollment in the district. The highest number LOSD has had in the past decade was during the recession, at 31 students or 0.46 percent in the 2006-07 school year. Several districts in Oregon had no homeless students in 2015-16, but LOSD had one of the lowest rates in the state; most other districts have far higher numbers.
East Portland districts have homeless student rates at three times PPSs rate and many times that of LOSDs.
Reynolds School District, based in Fairview, had the dubious distinction of the highest percentage in the tri-county area, with 1,128 homeless students, or 9.8 percent. However, that has fallen from last years 11.5 percent.
Parkrose School District in Northeast Portland had a homeless rate of 8.4 percent, the third-place rate in the tri-county area was in Canby School District with 7.6 percent or 357 students. Portlands Centennial School District and David Douglas School District were at 6.4 percent and 4.3 percent, respectively.
Students get rides to school, not much else
Statewide, 21,340 students, or 3.7 percent, lack a fixed, regular and adequate nighttime residence, as per the federal definition.
Marti Heard, PPSs homeless program liaison, said this includes students living in transitional housing, substandard housing or grossly overcrowded housing, among other situations.
Its not just students who are on the streets or in shelters, but its also anyone whos in a motel or are doubled-up, Heard said.
Districts start at zero at the beginning of the year and start counting up qualified students referred to them from staff, parents or teachers. Protection under McKinney-Vento (what used to be called Title X) qualifies students for referrals to other programs.
A lot of what were doing is talking to families about getting on certain wait lists, said Heard, who adds that there are not enough family shelters in Portland.
Mostly, the direct benefit from the district is in specialized transportation so homeless students can continue attending their home school. The students are dropped from the program each June and if they become residents of a different district, they are no longer considered homeless and must attend that districts school or apply for an inter-district transfer.
Heard said this is displacing a lot of families.
We just see a tremendous number of people being replaced and not having the resources to get back into the housing market, she said. There are lots of new developments going in in Portland, but they are out of reach for most of our families.
Heard said housing instability can have a tremendous impact on students, including falling behind in schoolwork.
We feel like we are losing low-income students, which are disproportionately students of color, because of this, she said. Its a widespread problem and its affecting a lot more families than people would realize.
Heard said there are qualifying students in every school in the district.
Many children are poor
The Portland area is not the hardest hit in the state, by percentage. Butte Falls School District, which consists of a 160-student charter school in Southern Oregons Jackson County, had 52 children or 36 percent listed as homeless. Dayville School District in Eastern Oregons Grant County had 10 students, or 20 percent of its lone school.
As in much of the country, is not unusual for a child to live in poverty in the state.
The National Center for Children in Poverty, a national public policy center based at Columbia University, reports that 21 percent of Oregon children live under the extremely low federal poverty limit level. The program considers another 24 percent to be low-income, for a combined 45 percent of the states 834,892 children whose families cannot independently provide for their basic needs.
And in LOSD, the problem also exists, though at a lower rate, with 695 students eligible for free or reduced lunch a measurement of poverty out of 7,065 enrolled in 2015-16 or almost 10 percent of students, according to ODE. That same year, the percentage of students who qualified for free or reduced lunch in Portland Public Schools was 38.5 percent of 47,393 students enrolled, or 18,228 kids.
Reporter Jillian Daley contributed to this story.