Where are some of the city's past environmental leaders?

From nukes to campaign finance/Lloyd Marbet

Then: Portland's best known anti-nuke crusader, Marbet doggedly tried for 20 years to bury Portland General Electric's Trojan Nuclear Plant. In December 1992, he and his allies created a human wall in front of Trojan, blocking the workers' entrance. They were arrested and released on the condition that they never return. Marbet returned three days later and was arrested for trespassing, serving 12 days in jail. On Jan. 4, 1993, PGE permanently closed Trojan.

Now: After a failed run for Oregon secretary of state in 2000 (he spent just $10,000 on the race and won 6 percent of the votes), Marbet is zeroing in on campaign finance reform with an initiative he hopes to get on the ballot this fall. Marbet, 54, lives with his 14-year-old son, Tai, on a 50-acre plot of land near the Clackamas River. Last year he was honored by the visiting Dalai Lama as an 'unsung hero of compassion.' For more information, see

The green marketeer/John Charles

Then: As director of Oregon Environmental Council from 1980 to 1996, Charles helped pass laws to start curbside recycling in 1983, establish a statewide watershed enhancement board in 1986 and reform the state Board of Forestry in 1987.

Now: Charles took a job in 1997 as environmental policy director for a libertarian think tank, the Portland-based Cascade Policy Institute, where he has worked since. He lobbies for market-based solutions to environmental problems and against light rail, urban growth boundaries and other examples of what he calls 'Portland myths.' He says it's time for the greens to 'move beyond the command and control paradigm.' Now 47, Charles lives alone near the Sandy River in unincorporated Clackamas County, outside the urban growth boundary.

Return of the radical/Andy Kerr

Then: The consummate anti-logging activist, Kerr worked for Oregon Natural Resources Council from 1976 to 1996. His unapologetic thrashing of the timber industry earned him serious enemies, and he was twice burned in effigy in rural Oregon.

Now: After briefly moving out of public view, Kerr is back, leading a typically bombastic effort to stop Oregon's population growth as founder and president of Alternatives to Growth Oregon. He also is director of the National Public Lands Grazing Campaign and board member and treasurer of the North American Industrial Hemp Council. Kerr lives in Ashland with Nancy Peterson, his wife since 1984. His list of banned phrases (from his lively Web site, includes the terms 'Growth Management,' 'Sustainable Development' and 'On the Same Page.'

The green distiller/Steve McCarthy

Then: The director of Oregon State Public Interest Research Group from 1972 to 1974, McCarthy first campaigned to block the construction of Interstate 505 through Northwest Portland, and then the proposed Mount Hood Freeway.

Now: Now 59, McCarthy produces and ships his pear, apple, raspberry and plum liqueurs internationally. His Clear Creek Distillery ( is just a mile away from his home in Northwest Portland, where he lives with his wife, artist Lucinda Parker, and their daughter, Abigail. He also travels often to Hood River Valley to cultivate and harvest fruit at the family farm. He and his brother, Mike, and mother, Kate, are fighting the expansion plans of Mount Hood Meadows Ski Area. He says he sees no contradiction between arguing for strict land laws and earning his money as a farmer. 'The whole system falls apart if the farmer can't make a living.'

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