Four new laws made big impact in 2017
Many of the hundreds of laws Oregon legislators pass each year go largely unnoticed by the public. Several laws, however, left a palpable mark on the lives of Oregonians in 2017.
Here are four that made an impact in the past year:
The state's landmark law to increase the minimum wage for seven consecutive years was enacted in 2016, but the greatest jump in wages happened in 2017.
Minimum hourly pay in the Portland metro area climbed from $9.75 to $11.25 in July of this year, after a 50-cent increase last year. The minimums were lower in other parts of the state, an acknowledgement from lawmakers of the variety of economic realities and the cost of living in different parts of the state.
Rep. Janelle Bynum, D-Happy Valley, who owns four McDonald's franchises in the Portland area, supported the minimum-wage hike, despite the added cost to her business.
"I'm going to be honest here. It is hard," Bynum said of balancing the increase in payroll with her family expenses. "Life in the Portland metro area continues getting harder for people with entry- to mid-level wages, so it's good that raising the minimum wage helped give some relief to working families."
However, Bynum said raising the minimum wage fails to address the root cause of why so many families are struggling to make ends meet: the cost of housing.
Oregon's new distracted-driving law closed loopholes in a pre-existing ban on holding a cellphone while driving and enhanced penalties for violations. The new law expanded the ban to include holding any mobile electronic device while driving, even while at a stoplight.
Drivers face a fine of up to $1,000 for their first offense.
Less than a month after the law took effect Oct. 1, state Rep. Julie Parrish, R-West Linn — who voted for the law — was pulled over and fined $265 for using her cellphone while driving. She was using the phone to get directions to the KATU television studio in Portland, where she was scheduled to give an interview, she said.
"Old habits die hard for those of us who were introduced to cell phones before there were specific laws related to distracted driving and phone use," Parrish said. "It might be difficult for people to break a years-long habit of driving and using a cellphone, but it's a habit I never want my kids to start."
Nearly 3,500 people were killed and about 391,000 injured in motor vehicle crashes involving distracted drivers in the United States In 2015, according to the most recent statistics from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
"We all share the roads, and we have an obligation to keep each other safe," Parrish said.
Pumping gas in Eastern Oregon
Oregon is one of only two states in the nation where residents are prohibited from pumping their own gas. While this may seem to be a luxury for some urban dwellers, it has been a source of consternation for motorists and gas station owners in rural parts of Eastern Oregon.
In Heppner, for instance, there is only one gas station in town, and it isn't open 24 hours. During hunting season, the line of motorists waiting for the gas station to open sometimes extended four blocks down Main Street, said Heppner resident LeAnn Wright, an office support specialist for the Morrow County Juvenile Department.
Two years ago, the Legislature passed a bill to allow self-fueling between 6 p.m. and 6 a.m. in certain rural counties, to prevent travelers from being stranded overnight. Earlier this year, lawmakers expanded the timeframe for self-fueling to 24 hours in 15 Eastern Oregon counties that have populations of less than 40,000.
The expansion of the law primarily was designed to keep solo gas stations such as Heppner's in operation. Some stations were in jeopardy of going out of business because owners couldn't afford to hire enough pumping attendants, said Rep. Cliff Bentz, R-Ontario, the bill's sponsor.
Stations are still required to have at least one attendant between 6 a.m. and 6 p.m., but customers could pump their own gas if the attendant is busy and a cardlock machine is available.
"Now, I think a lot of that impact is off because (motorists) don't have to sit and wait for someone to pump their gas, so they flow through a little better," Wright said.
Full-day kindergarten began in Oregon in 2015, thanks to funding approved by the Legislature, but the law continues to have ripple effects, both for children's long-term education and families' short-term financial outcomes.
For instance, students in full-day kindergarten are more likely to read proficiently in the third grade, a critical benchmark for reaching on-time graduation in high school, Sen. Mark Hass, D-Beaverton, has said.
Plus, the longer children are in school, the less child care parents have to pay for or work they have to miss.